Evaluation of the Concentrations of Some Heavy Metals (Pb, Cd and Cr) and Long Term Exposure Due to Daily Consumption of Ready-to-Eat Foods Sold at Petrol Station’s Atmospheric Conditions (AF) in Calabar Metropolis

Main Article Content

Grace E. Udosen
Friday E. Uboh
Dennis Amaechi
Michael O. Odey
John E. Mgbang

Abstract

Background: Heavy metals contamination has been reported at petrol station environments. There is a possibility of contamination foods around petrol stations.

Objectives: In this study, the concentrations of Pb, Cd and Cr, long term exposure and daily consumption of ready-to-eat food foods sold at Petrol station’s Atmospheric conditions (AF) in Calabar Metropolis was evaluated.

Methods: Foods samples, including such prepared ready-to-eat foods were collected at the point of sale at the fuel stations in Calabar Nigeria, about 7:00am in the morning before they were opened for sale (and exposed to the environment of the filling stations). These were labelled “Before”. At about 2:00pm to 3:00pm same day, the same ready-to-eat food samples were collected again at the same spots, for a duration of 3 months.

Results: In this study, the levels of Pb, Cd and Cr were determined in some ready-to-eat foods that are sold around the filling station environments in Calabar metropolis. The results obtained showed that the levels of Pb and Cd were significantly (p<0.05) increased in garri, afang soup, melon soup, white rice, beans, stew and meat pie, while the level of and Cr was significantly (p<0.05) increased in afang soup, melon soup, white rice, beans, stew and meat pie after 6 hours of exposure to petrol station’s atmospheric conditions.

Conclusion: From this study, it may be concluded that exposure of ready-to-eat foods at the filling station’s atmospheric conditions may cause heavy metal contamination to the foods, particularly Pb, Cd and Cr.

Keywords:
Lead, cadmium, chromium, contamination and petrol stations

Article Details

How to Cite
Udosen, G., Uboh, F., Amaechi, D., Odey, M., & Mgbang, J. (2019). Evaluation of the Concentrations of Some Heavy Metals (Pb, Cd and Cr) and Long Term Exposure Due to Daily Consumption of Ready-to-Eat Foods Sold at Petrol Station’s Atmospheric Conditions (AF) in Calabar Metropolis. Asian Food Science Journal, 9(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2019/v9i230006
Section
Original Research Article

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