Physical and Mechanical Properties of Three Varieties of Mango

Main Article Content

T. Osadare
O. O. Koyenikan
F. F. Akinola

Abstract

Physical properties of three varieties of mango were studied at 13.75% and 8.74% moisture content levels. Some selected properties such as geometric mean, arithmetic mean, angle of repose, sphericity and crushing force were determined. The average tri-axial dimensions of the seeds gave 38.00 ± 6.8, 42.23 ± 4.12, 33.95 ± 6.91 as average major diameter; 35.60 ± 5.68, 39.18 ± 3.95, 31.44 ± 7.56 as average intermediate diameter and 24.76 ± 5.2, 28.42 ± 5.59, 23.08 ± 3.67 as average minor diameter for Kerosene, Sheri and Sugar mango respectively. The average sphericity of the three varieties of mango seed was 0.74, 0.77 and 0.67 while that of the angle of repose was 40.430, 08.030 and 09.760 for Kerosene, Sheri and Sugar mango respectively. The average crushing force determined using the universal testing machine gave 21.00 N, 10.58 N and 9.46 N for Kerosene, Sheri and Sugar mango respectively. Statistical analysis shows that there is a significant difference in the geometric mean between Kerosene mango and Sheri mango and no significant difference between Sheri mango and Sugar mango, while the average value of the calculated arithmetic mean was found to be statistically different within the three varieties but no significant difference in sphericity. Kerosene mango has the highest value for the angle of repose and crushing force.

Keywords:
Size, sphericity, crushing force, angle of repose, kerosene mango, sheri mango, sugar mango

Article Details

How to Cite
Osadare, T., Koyenikan, O., & Akinola, F. (2019). Physical and Mechanical Properties of Three Varieties of Mango. Asian Food Science Journal, 10(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2019/v10i230033
Section
Original Research Article

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