Handling and Hygiene Practices of Food Vendors in Rivers State University and Its Environment

Main Article Content

J. Eke-Ejiofor
E. A. Beleya
O. D. Ezeonyeasi


The study assessed handling hygiene practices of food vendors in Rivers State University and its environment. A survey research design was adopted for the study while the population consisted of food vendors who prepare and sell ready-to-eat foods in the study area. Snowball sampling technique was used for the study and a total of thirty food vendors constituted the sample size for the study. A self-assessment form was used for data collection and data analyzed with frequency, percentages and Pearson’s correlation. The result showed that majority of the food vendors had no access to portable water and the operating environment untidy.  Most (60%) of the food vendors appeared clean and 70% of them use personal protective clothing while 70% and 97% of them handled foods and money with bare hands while serving food. Storage of cooked food was properly kept in covered containers by 70% of the vendors while 60% of the vendors did not separate raw and cooked foods. Seventy seven (77) percent of vendors did not keep cold foods in refrigerators or ice boxes as to maintain the temperature of the food. Only 40% of the food vendors covered unused utensils while 57% of them did not clean utensils properly after use. The study found out that all the food vendors washed utensils with cold soapy water and 90% of the vendors re-used water for washing utensils.

Handling, hygiene, practice, food vendor, street food.

Article Details

How to Cite
Eke-Ejiofor, J., A. Beleya, E., & D. Ezeonyeasi, O. (2020). Handling and Hygiene Practices of Food Vendors in Rivers State University and Its Environment. Asian Food Science Journal, 14(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2020/v14i130119
Original Research Article


World Health Organization. Essential safety requirement for street vended foods. Food Safety Unit Division of Food and Nutrition, WHO/FNU/FOS/96.7; 1996.

Nonato IS. Nutritional issues concerning street foods. Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics. 2016;12:20-23.

Beleya EA, Eke-Ejiofor J, Wariso B. Assessment of hygiene practices of food vendors in Rivers State University. 3rd Nigerian Institute of Food Science and Technology, South-East Chapter Food Summit. Promoting Nigerian Economy through Development of Aquatic life value chain. Amphitheatre, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt. (Ed) J. Eke-Ejiofor. 2017;26-27.

Gadi C, Bala KL, Kumar A. Study of hygiene practices of street food vendors in Allahabad City, India and determination of critical control points for safe street food. The Allahabad Farmer. 2013;68(2):1-10.

World Health Organization. Health surveillance and management procedures for food handling personnel. WHO technical report series, 785. Geneva; 1989.

World Health Organization. The role of food safety in health and development: Report of a joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on food safety. Technical Report Series. 1984;705:30-35.

Musa OI, Akande TM. Food hygiene practices of food vendors in secondary schools in Ilorin. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2003;10(3): 192-196.

Food and Agriculture Organization. Street foods. Rome: Rome Publishers; 1997.

Abdalla MA, Sullman EE, Alian YYHA, Amel OB. Food safety knowledge and practices of street food-vendors in Khartoun City. Sudanese Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. 2008;47(1&2):126-136.

Abdalla MA, Sullman EE, Bakhlet OA. Food safety knowledge and practices of street food vendors in Atbara city (Naher Elneel State Sudan). African Journal of Biotechnology. 2009;8(24):6967- 6971.

Kirabira JB, Ssembatya A, Ayor A. Materials selection and fabrication practices for food processing equipment manufacturers in Uganda. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. 2017;6(8):338–346.

Buted DR, Ylagan AP. Street food preparation practices. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences. 2014; 1(2):53-60.

Dajaan DS, Addo HO, Luke O, Afoakwa E, Amshawu A, Kwasi NA. Food hygiene awareness and environmental practices among food vendors in basic schools in Kintampo Township, Ghana. Food and Public Health. 2018;8(1):13-20.

Alamo-Tonelada C, Silaran FY, Bildan MC. Sanitary conditions of food vending sites and food handling practices of street food vendors: Implication for food hygiene and safety. International Journal of Education and Research. 2018;6(3):31-34.

Monny I, Dominic A, Badzi S, Campaore P, Stephen N. Food hygiene and safety practices among street foodvendors: An assessment of compliance, institutional and legislative framework in Ghana. Journal of Food and Public Health. 2014; 4(6):306-315.

Ntow GE, Kwabla MP, Der J. Hygiene practices among food vendors in Hohoe Township. Central African Journal of Public Health. 2016;2(2):43 -50.

Umar AA, Sambo MN, Sabitu K, Iliyasu Z, Sufiyan MB, Hamza KL. Personal and food hygiene practices among street-food vendors in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Archives of Medicine and Surgery. 2018;3(2):77- 83.

Bagumire A, Rollanda K. Hygiene facilities and practices of vended meats at selected highway markets in Uganda. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. 2017;5(1):1-10.

Hilario JS. An evaluation of the hygiene and sanitation practices among street food vendors along Far Eastern University (FEU). International Journal of Advanced Research. 2015;3(2):604- 615.

Addis M, Sisay D. A review on major food borne bacterial illnesses. Journal of Tropical Diseases. 2015;3(4):176–183.

Baluka SA, Miller R, Kaneene JB. Hygiene practices and food contamination in managed food service facilities in Uganda. African Journal of Food Science. 2015; 9(1):31-42.