Main Article Content
Food is necessary for growth and health. Carbohydrate protein and fat are three main type of macronutrients. Vitamins and minerals are two main micronutrients. All macro and micro nutrients should be taken in ample and balanced amount. Any one taken in large amount or low nutrition can cause disease or malnutrition.
Overeating and high calorie diet cause high risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, dementia, cancer, Liver disease, lower energy balance, stone in kidney and gall bladder and also Respiratory diseases.
Comparative account of Nutritional values of Oryza sativa and Echinochola colona are discussed in the present paper. Oryza sativa is staple food used in East India, North India and South India. West India (Specially Rajasthan) Triticum aestivum, Pennisetum glaucum, Sorgum bicolor, Hordeum vulgare, Cicer arietinum are taken as food. During fast Echinochola colona, Fagopyrum tataricum, Amaranthus, Eleocharis dulcis are taken. Comparative studies of nutritional values of Oryza sativa and Echinochola colona are done in the present paper.
Indian Himalayan saints observe fast and eat selected food during fast. These saints are disease free and live long life. Now a days world is suffering from diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, dementia and Corona virus. Vegetarian diet, increases immunity can be solution to some extant to these microbial infection problems.
Shirasuna RT. Echinochloa in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro; 2014.
Flora of China Editorial Committee. Flora of China. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria; 2014.
Michael PW. Echinochloa colona versus “Echinochloa colonum” (Poaceae) Taxon. 2009;58(4):1366-1368.
Wu TL. Check list of Hong Kong plants. In: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin. 2001;1384.
Alit Diratmadja IGP. The presence of green leafhopper Nephotettix nigropictus Stsl to Some weeds and rice variety TN 1. Buletin Penelitian. 1988;5:8-17.
Balal MS, Siddiq IA, Maurer EA. Highlights of recent rice research in Egypt 1981-1985. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt. 1988; 116.
Randall RP. A global compendium of weeds. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. 2012;1124.
Vijay S. Borkar, Kolandaivelu, Kumaran, Mayar Chordiya. Echinocloa colona used to cure various disorders such as wound healing, antidiabetic, antiseptic, antiulcer; 2016.
Sumitra S, Parul Sharma Nidhi. Studied Echinocloa colona is antioxidant and antimicrobial; 2018.
Merry–Jennifer Markham MD, Tieraona Low Dog MD. Consultative homeostasis & thrombosis 3rd Ed; 2013.
Mitscher LA. Comparative medical chemistry; 2007.
Abdelmuti OMS. Biochemical and nutritional evolution of famine foods of Sudan. Doctoral dissertation in Biochemistry and Nutrition. Faculty of Agriculture. Khartoum, Sudan: University of Khartoum; 1991.
Acevedo–Rodriguez P, Strong MT. Catalogue of the seed plants of West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 2012;98:1192.
Ahmed NU, Moody K. Effect of method of seeding and weed control on weed growth and yield of two rice crops grown in sequence. Tropical Pest Management. 1980;26(2):303-308.
Ahmed NU, Moody K. Weeds in cropping systems as affected by landscape position and weeding regime. IV. Land with a high ponding potential (Oryza sativa, rice, Philippines) Philipp-Agric, (AGRICOLA, USDA). 1982;65(2):169-175.