Main Article Content
Nutrition has been linked to positive child development and nutritional status. In this review paper we briefly describe the role of exclusive breastfeeding and its importance in the brain development of infants. Breastfeeding has important for the development of central nervous system in infants First, six months of Breastfeeding is essential for the newborn child for improving the immune system of a newborn. Breastfeeding serves significant health benefits for the infant, promotes mother-infant bonding so Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for around six months. Then we briefly describe the role of Complementary feeding, its importance in the physical development of the child in earlier life. This is also termed as ‘weaning food’, which has been used to describe the curtailment of breastfeeding. Complementary feeding entails the addition of solid foods to the diet, alongside, without replacement for the milk component. Apart from nutrition and feeding practices, certain other rearing practices also influence the health of infants and are widely prevalent among families or communities. Familiarity with rearing practices is of considerable significance to the promotion of infant health. The review also focuses on good nutrition for breastfeeding women, who have additional nutritional requirements. Breastfeeding mothers have increased energy needs and typically require additional energy intake. Apart from the energy the additional intake of good fat and vitamin C and minerals essential fatty acids etc. requirements are increases.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Complementary feeding. In: U. S. (USDA), Editor. Infant Nutrition and Feeding. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture. 2009;101–28.
World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund. Complementary feeding of young children in developing countries: A review of current scientific knowledge; 1998.
Johannes Spalinger, Andreas Nydegger, Dominique Belli, Raoul I. Furlano, Jian Yan, Jerome Tanguy, Sophie Pecquet, Frédéric Destaillats, Delphine Egli, Philippe Steenhout. Growth of infants fed formula with evolving nutrition composition: A single-arm non-inferiority study. Nutrients. 2017;9(219):2-13.
Department of Health Victoria. Better health channel. Breast milk – expressing. Fertil Steril. 2011;95:1700–04. Available:http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Bottle_ feeding_with_expressed_breast_milk following assisted reproductive technology
Leite-Cavalcanti A, Leite-Cavalcanti, Medeiros-Bezerra, Moura. Rev Salud Publica. 2007;9(2):194-204. Page DC. Funct Orthod. 2001;18(3):24-27.
Ivengar SR, Walker WA. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr.; 2012.
Jenness R. The composition of human milk. Seminars in Perinatology. 1979;3(3): 225-39.
Caballero B, Allen L, Prentice A. Encyclopedia of human nutrition. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Elsevier; 2005.
Dewey KG. Nutrition, growth and complementary feeding of the breastfed infant. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2001;48(18): 7-104.
Rolfes SR, Pinna K, Whitney E. Understanding normal and clinical nutrition. 8th Ed Canada: Wadsworth Cengage Learning; 2008.
Monte CM, Giugliani ER. Recommendations for the complementary feeding of the breastfed child. J Pediatr Rio J. 2004;80:131-41.
Dewey KG, Brown KH. Update on technical issues concerning complementary feeding of young children in developing countries and implications for intervention programs. Food Nutr Bull. 2003;24(1):5-28.
WHO. International code of marketing breast milk substitutes. 1981;6.
Gupta A, Rohde EJ. Infant and young child undernutrition. Where lie the solutions? Econ Polit Wkly. 2004;12:5213–7.
Saha KK, Frongillo EA, Alam DS, Arifeen SE, Persson LA, Rasmussen KM. Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infants and young children in Rural Bangladesh. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87:1852–9.
World Health Organization. Complementary feeding of young children in developing countries: A review of current scientific knowledge. 1998;237.
Hop LT, Gross R, Giay T, Sastroamidjojo S, Schultink W, Lang NT. Premature complementary feeding is associated with poorer growth of Vietnamese children. J. Nutr. 2000;130:2683–90.