Phytochemicals and Nutritional Constituent Evaluation of Bael (Aegle marmelos) Fruit Pulp at Different Development Stage

Main Article Content

A. Sarkar
M. Rashid
M. Musarrat
M. Billah


Aegle marmelos Correa commonly known as “Bael,” has been recognized as a component of traditional medication for the treatment of various human ailments. The present study was focused on phytochemical screening, nutritional constituent of A. marmelos at different development stages. Highest amount of alkaloid was in premature bael (8.09±0.09 mg/g), phenols in premature bael (9.65±0.06 mg/g) pulp and saponins in mature bael(5.57±0.08) pulp. Highest amount of thiamin (B1) (1.83±0.03 mg/100 g) and ascorbic acid (48.62±0.04 mg/100 g) in premature bael pulp. Sugar content significantly highest in matured bael(6.94±0.04 mg/100 g) pulp. Most abundant mineral potassium content was maximum in (139.61±0.04 mg/100 g) premature bael fruit pulp. The nutritional constituents and phytochemicals change depending on maturation stage. Nutritional constituent changes on the effects of development of bael (Aegle marmelos) fruit. It has been found in the present study that there were a numbers of phytochemical changes occurred during different fruit development stages.

Phytochemicals estimation, nutritional constituent, minerals, vitamins, fruit pulp.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sarkar, A., Rashid, M., Musarrat, M., & Billah, M. (2021). Phytochemicals and Nutritional Constituent Evaluation of Bael (Aegle marmelos) Fruit Pulp at Different Development Stage. Asian Food Science Journal, 20(1), 78-86.
Original Research Article


Bhardwaj RL, Nandal U. Nutritional and therapeutic potential of bael (Aegle armelos Corr.) fruit juice: A review. Nutr. Food Sci. 2015;45:895–919.

Manandhar B, Paudel KR, Sharma B, Karki R, Phytochemical profile and pharmacological activity of Aegle marmelos Linn. J. Integr. Med. 2018;16: 153–163.

Bhardwaj RL. Role of bael fruit juice in nutritional security of Sirohi tribals, Benchmark Surv. Rep. Sirohi Tribals. 2014;11–37.

Bhar K, Mondal S, Suresh P, An eye-catching review of Aegle marmelos L. (golden apple). Phcog. J. 2019;11:207–224.

Badam L, Bedekar SS, Sonawane KB, Joshi SP. In vitro antiviral activity of bael (Aegle marmelos Corr.) upon human coxsackie viruses B1-B6. Journal of Communicable Diseases. 2002;34(2):88–99.

Adetuyi AO, Popoola AV. Extraction and dyes ability potential studies of the colourant in zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides plant on cotton fabric. Journal of Science Engineering Technology. 2001;8(2):3291–3299.

Trease GE, Evans WC. Pharmacognosy, Brailliar Tiridal can Macmillian Publishers, 11th Edition; 1989.

Sofowora A. Medicinal plants and traditional medicine in West Africa, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, USA; 1982.

Harborne AJ. Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis, 3rd Edn. Springer Netherlands; 1998.

Boham BA, Kocipai AC. Flavonoids and condensed tannins from leaves of hawaiian vaccinium vaticulatum and V. calycinium. Pacific Sci. 1974;48:458–463.

Swain T. Tannins and lignins, in Herbivores: Their interactions with plant metabolites, Rosenthal GA, Janzen DH, Eds. Academic Press, New York, NY, USA; 1979.

Ejikeme CM, Ezeonu CS, Eboatu AN determination of physical and phytochemical constituents of some tropical timbers indigenous to Niger Delta Area of Nigeria; 2014.

Obodoni BO, Ochuko PO. Phytochemical studies and comparative efficacy of the crude extracts of some homostatic plants in edo and delta states of Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure Applied Science. 2001; 8(3):203–208.

AOAC Official methods of analysis of AOAC international, 18th ed. AOAC international, gaithersburg Md; 2005.

Eneche EH. Biscuit-making potential of millet/pigeon pea flour blends. Plant Foods for Hum Nutr. 1999;54:21–27.

Mutalik VK, Baragi JG, Mekali SB, et al. Determination of estimation of potassium ion in dry fruits by flame photometry and their proximate analysis. J Chem Pharm Res. 2011;3:1097–1102.

Rubel Mozumder NHM, Akhter Most Jesmin, Khatun Anwara Akter, Rokibuzzaman Mohammad, Akhtaruzzaman M. Oriental Journal of Chemistry. 2019;35(4):1344-351.
ISSN: 0970-020.

Rao BS, Deshpande V. Experimental Biochemistry. Anshan Ltd.; 2006.

Brasileiro BG, Leite JPV, Casali VWD, Pizziolo VR, Coelho OGL. The influence of planting and harvesting times on the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of Talinum triangulare (Jacq.). Acta Sci. Agron. 2015;37(2):249–255.

Zribi I, Omezzine F, Haouala R. Variation in phytochemical constituents and allelopathic potential of Nigella sativa with developmental stages. S. Afri. J. Bot. 2014;94:255–262.

Saxena M, Saxena J, Nema R, Singh D, Gupta A. Phytochemistry of medicinal plants. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 2013; 1(6):168–182.

Ozgoli G, Goli M, Simbar M. Effects of ginger capsules on pregnancy, nausea, and vomiting. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15:243–246. Available:

Rahimi K, Emdin CA, Macmahon S. The epidemiology of blood pressure and its worldwide management. Circ. Res. 2015; 116:925–936.
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.116.304723.

Asadullah Lakht-e-Zehra, Nabeela GDar, Saleem Nida, Soomro Umed Ali, Waqas, Nutritional exploration of leaves, seeds and fruit of bael (Aegle marmelos L.) grown in Karachi region. Afzal, Pak. J. biochem. Mol. Biol. 2015;48(3): 61-65.