Effect of “Uchakiri”(Vitex doniana),“Uturukpa” (Pterocarpus santalinoides) and “Ewa” (Solanum americanum) Methanoic Extract on Iron Status of Rats
Asian Food Science Journal,
Background: Iron deficiency anaemia is a hidden hunger which can affect at every stage of human development especially pregnant women and children.
Aim: The study was carried out to ascertain the effect of “ewa”, “uturukpa” and “uchakiri” on iron status of rat.
Methods: The vegetables were purchased from Oriemba market Akpugo in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State. The vegetables were trimmed, washed with deionized water and drained. The vegetables were ground using electric blender. Methanolic extraction was done using a modified method. All the analysis were carried out using a standard method.
Results: The results obtained were 2.67-3.52 mg iron, 0.52-0.89 mg copper, 1.56-7.43 mg zinc, 2.42-120.70 mg calcium 10.16-39.10 mg magnesium, and 68.80-90.40 mg potassium. The mean serum ferritin, haemoglobin, packed cell volume and RBC all increased gradually after consumption of leaves extract.
Conclusion: The result showed that ethanol leaf extract of Vitex doniana, “ewa” and “uturukpa” posseses anti-anemic potentials that are capable of reducing the risk of iron deficiency anemia in the society.
- Vitex doniana
- Pterocarpus santalinoides
- Solanum americanum
How to Cite
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