Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Collision on Human Body: Pros and Cons

Sara Anam *

Department of Home Economics, Mirpur University of Science and Techonology, Pakistan.

Maria Anum

Department of Biochemistry, University of Gujrat, Pakistan.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Genomic amendment is genetic procedure which possessions adjustments in genomic technology of entirely types of existing creatures. GMO is well-defined as Organisms in which genomic substantial (DNA) will be transformed in a technique which is not happen obviously via breeding or else normal reunification. Customers remain usually involved in significant concerning diet they ingest, as well as its basis beside that, stipulation handled, the materials that might adding towards. By means of new ideas arise in nourishment creation schemes, customers could remain further apprehensive around then concerned of buying freshly technologically advanced foodstuffs. Hereditarily planned or hereditarily improved diets, or else individuals that comprise about hereditarily improved creatures, were presented in US marketplace as well as acted proceeding superstore tables popularin 1994 by Flavr Savr tomato. FDA agreed to the technique through Calgene of introducing genetic material which avoids accumulation of an enzyme which will then reason of unstiffening in the fruitlet, letting them economically vended Flavr Savr tomato to have extended service lifetime along with conservative tomatoes . On the other hand, the aforementioned manufactureterminated in 1997. Later two years, the overview of Flavr Savr, during 1996, weed killer resistingsoybeans have being announced within foodstuff scheme via let agriculturalists towards procedure which is generally appropriate for weed killer Roundup surrounded by meadow directed towards destroy a widespread variety of tidies deprived of damaging their unaffected Roundup Ready Harvests. During that time, GM and GMOs foodstuffs during specific increase incessant community discussion by means of favors their security, hazards, regulation, tagging and limit.

Keywords: Biotechnology, scientific awareness, health, identifying problems


How to Cite

Anam , Sara, and Maria Anum. 2023. “Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Collision on Human Body: Pros and Cons”. Asian Food Science Journal 22 (10):92-99. https://doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2023/v22i10676.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Genetically modified foods: A critical review of their promise and problems Chen Zhang a, Robert Wohlhueter b, HanZhang c a Department of Gene and Signaling Expression, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, LaJolla, CA92037, United States b Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA30303, United States . c Department of Microbiology andImmunology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA30322, United States Received 11 March 2016; accepted 29 April 2016 Available online 3 June 2016. Science Direct Food Science and Human Wellness. 2016;5:116–123 Available:www.sciencedirect.com

Consumer Perception of Genetically Modified Organisms and Sources of Information1–3 Shahla Wunderlich* and Kelsey A Gatto Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ; 2015. Available:https://academic.oup.com/advances/article/6/6/842/4555145 by guest on 12 May 2023

Avery OT, Macleod CM, McCarty M. Studies on the chemical nature of the substance inducing transformation of pneumococcal types: induc- tion of transformation by a deoxyribonucleic acid fraction isolated from pneumococcus type III, J. Exp. Med. 1944;79(2):137–158.

Nirenberg MW, Matthaei JH, Jones OW, Martin RG, Barondes SH. Approximation of genetic code via cell-free protein synthesis directed by template RNA, Fed. Proc. 1963;22:55 61.

Cohen SN, Chang AC, Boyer HW, Helling RB. Construction of bio- logically functional bacterial plasmids in vitro, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1973;70(11):3240–3244.

Bevan MW, Chilton MD. Multiple transcripts of T-DNA detected in nopaline crown gall tumors, J. Mol. Appl. Genet. 1982;1(6):539–546.

Herrera-Estrella L, Block MD, Messens E, Hernalsteens JP, Mon- tagu MV, Schell J, Chimeric genes as dominant selectable markers in plant cells, EMBO. J. 1983; 2(6):987–995

Bawa AS, Anilakumar K. Genetically modified foods: Safety risks and puSblic concerns-a review, J. Food Sci. Technol. 2013;50(6):1035–1046

Fernandez-Cornejo J. Agriculture Information Bulletin 786: The seed industry in U.S. agriculture: an exploration of data and information on crop seed markets, regulation, industry structure, and research development.Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture; 2004 Feb.

Hemmer W. Foods derived from genetically modified organisms and detection methods. BATS, Basel, Switzerland. Report: BATS-Report 2/97. ISSN 1420-228X; 1997

Fernandez-Cornejo J. Agriculture Information Bulletin 786: The seed industry in U.S agriculture: an exploration of data and information on crop seed markets, regulation, industry structure, and research development. Economic Research Service, United States Department ofAgriculture; 2004 Feb.

Fernandez-Cornejo J, Wechsler S, Livingston M, Mitchell L. Economic Research Report Number 162: Genetically engineered crops in the United States. Economic Research Service,United States Department of Agriculture. 2014 Feb. [cited 2015 May 15]. Available:http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1282246/err162.pdf.

Information Biosystems for Biotechnology [Internet]. Virginia: Information Systems for Biotechnology; c2014 [updated 2015 Feb 4; cited 2015 Feb 4]. Available from:http://www.isb.vt.edu/.

Akiyama H, Watanabe T, Wakabayashi K, Nakade S, Yasui S, Sakata K, et al. Quantitative detection system for maize sample containing combined-trait genetically modified maize. Anal Chem. 2005;77:7421–8.

Holst-Jensen A, De Loose M, Van den Eede G. Coherence between legal requirements and approaches for detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their derived products. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:2799–809.

Taverniers I, Papazova N, Bertheau Y, De Loose M, Holst-Jensen A. Gene stacking in transgenic plants: towards compliance between definitions, terminology, and detection within the EU regulatory framework. Environ Biosafety Res. 2008;7:197–218.

AVEBE. Part II: Summary application for amylopectin potato event AV43-6-G7 according to regulation (EC) no. 1829/2003. Available:http://www.gmo-compass.org/pdf/regulation/potato/AV43-6-G7_application_food_feed_cultivation.pdf 2009. Accessed:Aug. 19, 2011.

Lusser M, Parisi C, Plan D, Rodriguez-Cerezo E. New plant breeding techniques.State-of-the-art and prospects for commercial development. European Commission.Report: EUR 24760 EN; 2011.

BCH. Living Modified (LMO) Organism Registry—Biosafety Clearing-House. Available:http://bch.cbd.int/database/lmo-registry/2011.

CERA. GM crop database. CERA—Center for Environmental Risk Assessment Avaialble:http://www.cera- gmc.org/?action=gm_crop_database& 2011.

GMO Compass. GMO Compass; 2011. Available:http://www.gmo-compass.org

Uzogara SG. The Impact of genetic modification of human foods in the 21st Century: A Review. Biotechnol Adv. vol. 2000;18:179-206

Cellini F, Chesson A, Colquhoun L, Constable A, Davies HV, Engel KH, Gatehouse AMR, Karenlampi S, Kok EJ, Leguay JJ, Lehesranta S, Noteborn HPJM, Pedersen J, Smith M. Unintended effects and their detection in genetically modified crops. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2004;42:1089-1125

Kefi S. genetically modified organisms and the use in foods. TMMOB Food Engineers Room Books Series; 2, 2003, Ankara, Turkey.

Yanaz S. The subject of genetically modified organisms and the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol. Foreign Trade Magazine, vol. 2003;28:116-126.

Gucukoglu A, Kuplulu O. Genetically Modified Foods. Journal of Veterinary Medical Association. 2006;77(2):30-38.

Vasil IK. Biotechnology and food security for 21st century: A real-world Perspective. Nat Biotechnol. 1998;16:399-400.

Yilmaz H. Mad cow disease, animal products and human health. Available:Http://www.cinetarim.com.tr/dergi/arsiv32/delidana.htm, 2000/ Access to Date:12.12.2003.

Baran M. Genetically modified organisms and biosecurity systems. Turkish Agriculture. 2003;12-15.

Ozdogan S, Ekmen ZI. What is genetic engineering? Access toDate: 20.12.2002

Available:Http://www.yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/aacorner/GEN/02/genetik.htm/2002,

31. Batalion N. 50 Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified Foods. Americans for Safe Food. Oneonta, NY; 2000.

Haspolat I. Genetically modified organisms and biosecurity. Veterinary journal of Ankara Univ Vet FakDerg. 2012;59:75-80.

Anonymous. The effect on cancer risks of genetically modified milk and milk products; 2011b. Available:http://www.forum.gidagundemi.com/ Access to Date:14.02.2011.

Salbego J, Pretto A, Gioda C, et al. Herbicide formulation with glyphosate affects growth, acetylcholinesterase activity, and metabolic and hematological parameters in piava (Leporinus obtusidens). Arch Environ Contamin Toxicol. 2010;58(3):740-5.

Ohkawa H, Tsujii H, Ohkawa Y. The use of cytochrome P450 genes to introduce herbicide; 1999.

Dahleen LS, Okubara PA, Blechl AE. Transgenic approaches to combat fusarium head blight in wheat and barley. Crop Sci. 2001; 41(3): 628-37.

Scorza R, Callahan A, Levy L, Damsteegt V, Webb K, Ravelonandro M. Post-transcriptional gene silencing in plum pox virus resistant transgenic European plum containing the plum pox potyvirus coat protein gene. Transgenic Res. 2001;10(3): 201-09.

Kenward KD, Brandle J, Mc Pherson J, Davies PL. Type II fish antifreeze protein accumulation in transgenic tobacco does not confer frost resistance. Transgenic Res. 1999;8(2):105-17.

Paine JA, Shipton CA, Chaggar S, et al. Improving the nutritional value of Golden Rice through increased pro- vitamin A content. Nat Biotechnol. 2005;23:482-7.

Daniell H, Streatfield SJ, Wycoff K. Medical molecular farming: production of antibodies, biopharmaceuticals and edible vaccines in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 2001; 6(5):219-26.

Perr HA. Oral immunization with hepatitis B surface antigen expressed in transgenic plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2001; 98(20):11539544.

Ahmed M, Focht DD. Phytodetoxification of hazardous organomercurials by genetically engineered plants. Nat Biotechnol. 2000; 18(2):213-17.

TabashnikBE, Evolution of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis, Annu. Rev. Entomol. 1994;39(1):47–79.

Baulcombe DD, Jones J, Pickett J, Puigdomenech JP. GM Science Update: A Report tothe Council for Science and Technology; 2014. Available:https://wwwgovuk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment data/ file/292174/cst-14- 634a-gm-science-updatepdf.

Werth J, Boucher L, Thornby D, Walker S, Charles G. Changes in weed species since the introduction of glyphosate-resistant cotton, Crop Pasture Sci. 2013;64(8):791–798.

Bravo A,.Gill SS, Soberon M, Modeofaction of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry andCyttoxinsandtheirpotentialforinsectcontrol,Toxicon49(4) (2007) 423–435.

V. Sanchis, From microbial spray to insect resistan ttransgenic plants: history of the biopesticide Bacillus thuringiensis. Areview, Agron. Sustain. 2011;Dev.31(1): 217–231.

Bawa AS, Anilakumar KR. Genetically modified foods: Safety risks and public concerns-a review, J. Food Sci. Technol. 2013;50(6):1035–1046.

Naranjo S. Impacts of Bt crops on non-target invertebrates and insecticide use patterns. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutr Nat Resour. 2009;4:1-11.

Nordlee JA, Taylor SL,Townsend JA, et al. Identification of a Brazil-nut allergen in transgenic soybeans. N Engl J Med. 1996; 334(11):688-92.

Codex Alimentarius. Home | Codex alimentarius FAO-WHO; 1963. Available:http://www.fao.org/fao-who-code xalimentarius/home/en/ (accessed on 28 January 2022).

Wunderlich S, Gatto K. Consumer Perception of Genetically Modified Organis.ms and Sources of Information. Adv. Nutr. 2015;6:842–851. [CrossRef].

The European Parliament. Regulation EC No 258/1997 of the European Parliament and of the council of 27 January 1997 concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients. Off. J. Eur. Communities. 1997;L043:1–7.

Es I, Gavahian M, Marti-Quijal F, Lorenzo J, Mousavi Khaneghah A, Tsatsanis C, Kampranis S, Barba FJ. The application of the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing machinery in food and agricultural science: Current status, future perspectives, and associated challenges. Biotechnol. Adv. 2019;37:410–421. [CrossRef] [PubMed].